Gradle 包管理工具介绍

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在 Gradle 官网 下载最新版本的 Gradle 压缩包,解压到某个路径,例如 D:\Gradle

设置 Gradle 环境变量

  • 环境变量中增加名为 GRADLE_HOME 的变量名,值为 Gralde 的解压路径,例如 D:\Gradle
  • path 的后追加 %GRADLE_HOME%\bin;


打开 Windows 命令行工具,输入 gradle -v,显示版本号说明安装成功

C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop>gradle -v

Gradle 4.6

Build time:   2018-02-28 13:36:36 UTC
Revision:     8fa6ce7945b640e6168488e4417f9bb96e4ab46c

Groovy:       2.4.12
Ant:          Apache Ant(TM) version 1.9.9 compiled on February 2 2017
JVM:          1.8.0_152 (Oracle Corporation 25.152-b16)
OS:           Windows 10 10.0 amd64



C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop>gradle --help

USAGE: gradle [option...] [task...]

-?, -h, --help            Shows this help message.
-a, --no-rebuild          Do not rebuild project dependencies. [deprecated]
-b, --build-file          Specify the build file.
--build-cache             Enables the Gradle build cache. Gradle will try to reuse outputs from previous builds.
-c, --settings-file       Specify the settings file.
--configure-on-demand     Configure necessary projects only. Gradle will attempt to reduce configuration time for large multi-project builds. [incubating]
--console                 Specifies which type of console output to generate. Values are 'plain', 'auto' (default), 'rich' or 'verbose'.
--continue                Continue task execution after a task failure.
-D, --system-prop         Set system property of the JVM (e.g. -Dmyprop=myvalue).
-d, --debug               Log in debug mode (includes normal stacktrace).
--daemon                  Uses the Gradle Daemon to run the build. Starts the Daemon if not running.
--foreground              Starts the Gradle Daemon in the foreground. [incubating]
-g, --gradle-user-home    Specifies the gradle user home directory.
-I, --init-script         Specify an initialization script.
-i, --info                Set log level to info.
--include-build           Include the specified build in the composite. [incubating]
-m, --dry-run             Run the builds with all task actions disabled.
--max-workers             Configure the number of concurrent workers Gradle is allowed to use. [incubating]
--no-build-cache          Disables the Gradle build cache.
--no-configure-on-demand  Disables the use of configuration on demand. [incubating]
--no-daemon               Do not use the Gradle daemon to run the build. Useful occasionally if you have configured Gradle to always run with the daemon by default.
--no-parallel             Disables parallel execution to build projects. [incubating]
--no-scan                 Disables the creation of a build scan. For more information about build scans, please visit [incubating]
--offline                 Execute the build without accessing network resources.
-P, --project-prop        Set project property for the build script (e.g. -Pmyprop=myvalue).
-p, --project-dir         Specifies the start directory for Gradle. Defaults to current directory.
--parallel                Build projects in parallel. Gradle will attempt to determine the optimal number of executor threads to use. [incubating]
--profile                 Profile build execution time and generates a report in the <build_dir>/reports/profile directory.
--project-cache-dir       Specify the project-specific cache directory. Defaults to .gradle in the root project directory.
-q, --quiet               Log errors only.
--recompile-scripts       Force build script recompiling. [deprecated]
--refresh-dependencies    Refresh the state of dependencies.
--rerun-tasks             Ignore previously cached task results.
-S, --full-stacktrace     Print out the full (very verbose) stacktrace for all exceptions.
-s, --stacktrace          Print out the stacktrace for all exceptions.
--scan                    Creates a build scan. Gradle will emit a warning if the build scan plugin has not been applied. ( [incubating]
--status                  Shows status of running and recently stopped Gradle Daemon(s).
--stop                    Stops the Gradle Daemon if it is running.
-t, --continuous          Enables continuous build. Gradle does not exit and will re-execute tasks when task file inputs change. [incubating]
-u, --no-search-upward    Don't search in parent folders for a settings file.
-v, --version             Print version info.
-w, --warn                Set log level to warn.
--warning-mode            Specifies which mode of warnings to generate. Values are 'all', 'summary'(default) or 'none'
-x, --exclude-task        Specify a task to be excluded from execution.



修改Gradle默认缓存目录可使用命令 gradle -g 目录路径,例如

gradle -g F:\java_cache\.gradle

C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop>gradle -g F:\java_cache\.gradle
Starting a Gradle Daemon (subsequent builds will be faster)

> Task :help

Welcome to Gradle 4.6.

To run a build, run gradle <task> ...

To see a list of available tasks, run gradle tasks

To see a list of command-line options, run gradle --help

To see more detail about a task, run gradle help --task <task>

For troubleshooting, visit

1 actionable task: 1 executed


$ cat << EOF > <code-dir>/
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